WU ZANG LIU FU (五臟六腑) in Traditional Chinese Medicine

five-element-generate-control

Do you know that ZANG FU is the internal organ network which is at the highest level of function in the body?  The internal organs in a human body can be classified into five viscera organs (WU ZANG) and six bowel organs (LIU FU). They supply vital instructions to our entire body to allow us to function. Without properly functioning viscera, the qi (氣), blood (血), shen (神), and jing (精) would become pathogenic.

It is important to note the term network as this term denotes its connection between all organs and their pathways. It also shows how one organ and associated pathway can affect another, either positively or negatively when it becomes diseased.

 

the-zang-organs-functions-in-tcm-copy

The term ZANG () refers to the organs considered to be YIN () in nature,

The five viscera organs (WU ZANG):

  1. Heart
  2. Liver
  3. Spleen
  4.  Lung
  5. Kidneys

the-zang-organs-functions-in-tcm-copy-2

While FU () refers to the Yang () organs,

The six bowel organs (LIU FU):

  1. Small Intestine
  2. Large Intestine
  3. Gall Bladder
  4. Stomach
  5. Urinary bladder
  6. Triple Warmer (Sān jiaō 三焦)

 

Each ZANG is paired with a FU, and each pair is assigned to one of the Five Elements (Wǔ Xíng). The Five Element theory is based on the observation of the natural cycles and interrelationships in both our environment and within ourselves. The foundation of the theory rests in the correspondences of each element to a variety of phenomena. The most common correspondences are listed in the chart below.

 

WU ZANG

(five viscera organs)

LIU FU

(six bowel organs)

FIVE ELEMENTS

EMOTIONS

TASTE

HEART & PERICARDIUM

SMALL INTESTINE & TRIPLE WARMER FIRE JOY

BITTER

LIVER

GALL BLADDER WOOD ANGER SOUR

SPLEEN

STOMACH

EARTH

WORRY/PENSIVENESS

SWEET

LUNGS

LARGE INTESTINE METAL GRIEF / SADNESS

PUNGENT

KIDNEYS

 

URINARY BLADDER WATER FEAR

SALTY